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How to fill form for the Special Marriage Declaration in India?

In a diverse and culturally rich country like India, where traditions and customs vary across regions, the provision of a Special Marriage Act is a beacon of inclusivity. This act allows individuals from different religions, castes, or communities to solemnize their union through a special marriage. 

As a crucial component of this process, the Special Marriage Declaration form plays a pivotal role. In this blog, we will delve into the intricacies of the Special Marriage Declaration in India and guide you through the process of filling out its form.

Understanding the Special Marriage Act:

The Special Marriage Act, enacted in 1954, provides a legal framework for individuals to enter into a civil marriage irrespective of their religious backgrounds. This act is particularly significant for couples who choose to celebrate their union without adhering to specific religious rituals. 

The Special Marriage Declaration is a foundational document in this process, serving as a formal statement of intent from both parties to marry under the provisions of this act.


Filling Out the Special Marriage Declaration Form: A Step-by-Step Guide

Initiating the Process:

  • To kickstart the process, both parties involved must approach the Marriage Registrar in their jurisdiction. The Registrar serves as the designated authority for overseeing special marriages and is responsible for guiding the necessary documentation, including the Special Marriage Declaration form.

Obtaining the Form:

  • The Special Marriage Declaration form is typically available at the office of the Marriage Registrar. In some regions, online forms may be accessible, allowing couples to download and print the document at their convenience.

Required Information:

  • The form will ask for various details, including the personal information of both parties involved. This typically includes full names, addresses, dates of birth, and details about parents.

Affixing Photographs:

  • Most forms require recent passport-sized photographs of both individuals. Ensure that the photographs are clear, well-lit, and meet any specifications outlined by the Marriage Registrar.


  • The Special Marriage Act mandates the presence of witnesses during the declaration process. The form usually includes sections for the details of witnesses who will attest to the declaration. Witnesses must be individuals known to both parties and ideally not family members.

Affirmation and Signature:

  • Both individuals must individually declare their intent to marry each other under the Special Marriage Act. This affirmation is typically followed by the signature of the declarants.


  • Along with the completed Special Marriage Declaration form, couples are generally required to submit supporting documents, such as address proof, identity proof, and proof of date of birth.

Declaration Submission:

  • Once the form is filled out and all necessary documents are in order, couples must submit the Special Marriage Declaration to the Marriage Registrar. Some jurisdictions may allow for online submission, while others may require an in-person visit.

Waiting Period:

  • After submission, there is usually a mandatory waiting period, during which objections, if any, can be raised. The Registrar will investigate any objections and decide whether the marriage can proceed.

Solemnization of Marriage:

  • If no valid objections arise during the waiting period, the Marriage Registrar will schedule the solemnization of the marriage. This involves both parties signing the marriage register in the presence of the Registrar and witnesses.


The Special Marriage Declaration in India is a vital step for couples seeking to marry under the provisions of the Special Marriage Act. By understanding the process and meticulously filling out the declaration form, couples can embark on their marital journey, celebrating their union beyond the confines of religious or community boundaries. 

As the act continues to foster inclusivity and diversity, the Special Marriage Declaration stands as a testament to India’s commitment to providing a legal framework that accommodates the varied choices of its citizens in matters of matrimony.